The healthcare industry has enthusiastically adopted innovative technology, ranging from robotic pill dispensers to AI systems that organise medical data. Automated records, IoT, 3D printing and medicalised smartphones have all been explored as new technological avenues for use in the industry, giving patients more power over their own medical information, streamlining administrative processes and finding ways to overcome traditional problems. As a billion-dollar industry, global healthcare is well placed to invest in innovation that could have a massive impact on professionals and patients within the sector. Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR), now household names, have attracted the interest of medical institutions and companies for years. Both AR and VR may have sprung from the gaming industry, but both can be applied to various industries in so many different ways. How are Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality used in medicine specifically, and how have they disrupted healthcare?