Genetic Basis for Joint Replacement Failure

Scientists from ExplantLab have identified a genotype that is associated with joint replacement failure in some patients. Based on these findings, the scientists developed a machine-learning algorithm called Orthotype, which uses a patient’s genotype and other factors to accurately predict the outcome of joint replacement surgery.

More than five million joint replacements are performed globally each year. Although most patients are satisfied with the results of their surgery, a significant number of joint replacements fail early, following adverse immune responses.

One of the most popular implant materials used in joint replacements is cobalt chrome (CoCr). When small particles from CoCr joints are released into the blood, it can lead to an immune response that results in pain and joint failure in some patients.

“Essentially, the immune system attacks the implant in a process similar to how a patient rejects an organ transplant,” explained David Langton, PhD, director of ExplantLab. “How quickly this happens is variable and unpredictable, but it appears to be dependent on the type of material, the amount of wear debris released, and other patient-specific factors.”

One of those patient-specific factors is their genes. The HLA genes play a central role in immune function, and Langton and his colleagues determined that patients with certain HLA genotypes are likely to develop responses to CoCr-containing implants. Their results were published in Communications Medicine.

By Genetic Engineering News

Image Credit: Getty Images

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About Peter Coffaro 446 Articles
A growth-driven and strategic executive, Peter Coffaro commands more than 20 years of progressive management success within the orthopedic industry. Recognized by MedReps.com and the World Journal of Orthopedics as one of the top medical sales influencers in the industry; he has 10 years of combined sales management experience and has held positions as a Director, General Manager, Distributor and Vice President. Peter has worked for some of the top orthopedic companies in the world - Zimmer, DePuy and Stryker. He is also the founder of OrthoFeed: a popular blog that covers digital orthopedic news and emerging medical technologies. Peter is a three-time Hall of Fame award winner at Johnson and Johnson and has an extensive background in organizational development, business development, sales management, digital marketing and professional education. Peter holds a B.S. degree in Biology from Northern Illinois University.

2 Comments

  1. Very Informative… This Blog Covered all most everything related to joint Replacement and the Remedies to cure It. Detailed very Professionally. Must-Read by People having queries regarding this

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